- Ethics Standards
- Submission Guidelines
Article One: Purpose
The Ethical Standards for Research and Publication (herein referred to as the Standards), designed to promote and maintain high ethical standards concerning professional research and publication, shall provide the guidelines for the organization and operation of the Global English Teachers Association (herein referred to as the GETA) Committee on Research and Publication Ethics (the CORPE hereafter), entitled to investigate any wrongdoings against the ethical policies described in the Standards.
Article Two: Scope of Application
The Standards shall apply to all research related to the GETA and manuscripts submitted to the official journal of the GETA, Studies in English Education.
Article Three: Definitions of Important Terms
Research (and publication) misconduct involves fabrication, falsification, plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results, false authorship, and multiple submissions. We adopt the definitions of fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH, see http://grants.nih.gov/grants/research_integrity/research_misconduct.htm).
- 1. Fabrication means that researchers make up data or results, and then record and report them.
- 2. Falsification means manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
- 3. Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.
- 4. False authorship means principal authorship and other publication credits do not reflect, in any justifiable manner, scientific and professional contributions of the individuals involved in the research.
- 5. Multiple submissions indicate submitting a manuscript which has already been published, accepted for publication elsewhere, or submitted elsewhere for review for another publication. This category includes a self-plagiarism in a broad sense.
Article Four: Organization
1. The GETA shall form the CORPE whose duty is to oversee ethical matters in research and publication practices.
2. The CORPE shall be comprised of 9 members including the Editor-in-Chief and the Chief Director of the Editorial Board.
3. The Editor-in-Chief shall serve as the CORPE Chair, and the Chair's term shall correspond with the term of the Editor-in-Chief.
4. The remaining 7 members of the CORPE shall be chosen from among the directors of the GETA's Editorial Board and the Executive Board. Their appointment shall be recommended by the GETA's President and approved by the Executive Board. The term for the CORPE shall correspond with the term for the Editorial Board or the Executive Board.
Article Five: Duties
The CORPE shall deliberate matters related to research and/or publication ethics including administrative affairs in relation to the implementation/revision of the Standards and investigate possible violations of the Standards. In case of a violation, the CORPE shall recommend disciplinary action, which, if judged appropriate at the Executive Board of Directors' meeting, shall be imposed on the violator(s) by the President of the GETA.
Article Six: Meetings and Operation
1. Meetings shall be convened when deemed necessary by the Chair or when requested by the President.
2. The majority of the CORPE members shall be required to attend to constitute the quorum for an official meeting. A decision shall not be considered valid unless two thirds of the members present concur. However, a committee member who is involved with the manuscript under investigation shall not be allowed to attend the meeting.
3. The meeting shall be held in a closed-door session. The researcher(s) suspected of misconduct, however, shall be asked to appear at the meeting should the need arise.
4. When the case appears relatively simple and thus does not require intense discussion and deliberation, opinions and suggestions shall be rendered in writing (e.g., via email) by the members, upon which a final written resolution shall be based.
Article Seven: Authors' Obligation to Cooperate
The author(s) suspected of research/publication misconduct shall have to fully and faithfully cooperate in investigations into possible breaches of the Standards. The cooperation includes, but is not limited to, submitting requested documents and appearing in a CORPE meeting if called for.
Article Eight: Investigation of Misconduct Allegations
1. The CORPE shall begin to investigate the allegation no later than 10 days of time after being informed of it and end its investigation into the case within 90 days. An extension shall be granted for a more thorough investigation if needed.
2. When investigating misconduct and violations of research and publication ethics, the CORPE shall provide the author(s) with sufficient opportunities to respond to the allegation(s) under investigation.
3. The CORPE shall keep confidential the entire investigative process as well as the identities of the author(s) suspected of misconduct and the informant until the final decision has been made by the GETA.
Article Nine: Requirements for making a finding of research misconduct
1. There be a significant departure from accepted practices of the relevant research community.
2. The misconduct be committed intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly.
3. The allegation be proven by a preponderance of the evidence.
Article Ten: Reporting to the Executive Board
The CORPE shall report to the Executive Board of Directors about the findings of an investigation into a possible breach of the Standards. Possible breaches of the Standards include the following:
- 1. Submission of a manuscript to multiple journals
- 2. Submission of a manuscript previously published elsewhere
- 3. Submission of a manuscript that borrows part or all of another person's research findings without proper acknowledgement
- 4. Submission of a manuscript that disguises part or all of one's own or another person's previous research findings as new ones
- 5. Submission of a manuscript that includes any coauthor who has not been directly involved in the planning and implementation of a study
- 6. Submission of a manuscript based on data and results created as a result of fabrication and falsification
Article Eleven: Disciplinary Action and Notification
1. In case the CORPE recommends disciplinary action, the GETA's President shall convene a meeting of the Executive Board in order to decide on the appropriateness of the action.
2. The President shall take disciplinary measures including, but not limited to, a warning to authors violating the Standards set forth herein and a suspension or revocation of the membership of those violating the Standards. The President shall have the right to notify other organizations or individuals of the punitive action taken if considered appropriate and/or necessary.
3. A manuscript accepted for publication or already published in Studies in English Education shall be withdrawn if found guilty of research misconduct. Such authors shall not be allowed to submit a manuscript to the journal for three years.
Article Twelve: Investigation Report
1. An investigation report shall be submitted to the Executive Board of Directors within 10 days of reaching the final decision on the case of research misconduct.
2. The report shall include specific details of the allegation(s), the IDs of the accused and the informant(s), investigative procedure, evidence found (i.e., documents, written and/or oral testimonies, etc.), and other relevant information collected during the investigation. The final report shall be kept for 5 years after the closure of the investigation. It shall be open to the public, albeit not with the IDs of those concerned when disclosing the IDs of the individuals involved appears to their disadvantage in matters irrelevant to the case for which they are responsible.
Article Thirteen: Amendment of the Standards
The Standards shall be amended according to the procedure which applies to amendments to the GETA's Constitution.
The Standards shall take effect beginning May 15, 2007.
The Revised Standards shall take effect beginning July 1, 2015.